Four Volume Ru-Jac Records retrospective

Omnivore Recordings rolls out two various artists volumes today followed by two more next Friday, collecting for the very first time anywhere the audio history of Ru-Jac Records. Each volume is produced by the GRAMMY Award-winning producer Cheryl Pawelski and Kevin Coombe, East Coast soul historian. Coombe provides liner notes detailing the rise and eventual closure of the label, and its close ties to the segregated beaches and performance spaces of the region. Utilizing original tapes, extremely collectible 45s, and acetates, all four volumes underwent extensive restoration and mastering right here at Osiris Studio by Michael Graves.


The Baltimore soul/R&B label Ru-Jac Records was founded in 1963 by local promoter Rufus Mitchell and investor partner Jack Bennett (their names forming the Ru-Jac name). The label primarily released regional soul/R&B singles from 1963 until the mid 1970s, when Mitchell stepped away to focus on another business venture.

Best. Turntable. Ever.

Technics SL-1000R

Technics SL-1000R

I spent a few days last week getting to know one of the finest turntables ever made. Technics recently unveiled their new SP-10R and SL-1000R.  Building on the legacy of their original SP-10, the company has managed to update and improve upon this already world-class turntable.

But more on that later.  Why am I writing about Technics turntables and why do you care?  Because I’ve been using them exclusively for the past 15 years in my preservation, audio restoration and mastering work.  They’re on my short list of gear I can’t do without.  The fidelity is outstanding, the speed accuracy is perfect, noise floor is virtually nothing, and it’s one of the most reliable pieces of equipment I own.  When I find something exceptional I like to tell people about it.

Michael Graves restoring lost Jan & Dean

On the preservation and restoration side of my job I regularly work with one of a kind records, some of which are so fragile that I only feel comfortable playing them one or two times in order to digitize them.  There’s a need to get it right the first time because there may not be another chance to do so.  I need a turntable that won’t flake on me. 


At the other end of a project I often audition test pressings.  In doing so I’m listening to how faithful the record is to my master and if there are any noise issues or technical problems with the pressing.  On the fidelity side of things, I know from experience that a quality pressing played on my SP-15, with the right cartridge, can sound virtually indistinguishable from the master that I provided to the plant; lows, mids and highs are exactly where they should be.  Want to make sure the record you’re playing sounds like it did for the mastering engineer?  Playing it back on a Technics direct-drive is your first step. 

Evaluating a test pressing on my Technics SP-15.

Evaluating a test pressing on my Technics SP-15.

When I’m listening for possible defects in the test pressing it’s important to attribute any anomalies that I hear to the record and not the system it’s being played back on.  Again, from experience, if there’s something weird sounding on the record, it’s not coming from my turntable and I can let the right person know before the record is mass produced.

So a turntable with audiophile sound, perfect consistent rotation, super quiet and dependable day after day is essential to how I make a living. 

A quick history of Technics direct-drive turntables

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First let’s be clear about some basic turntable language. There are two types of record players in the world; belt-drive and direct-drive.  Belt-drives use a rubber belt (or a series of belts) attached to a motor and the turntable platter.  The main idea here is to isolate motor noise from the turntable itself.  Direct-drive sits the motor underneath the platter and turns the platter directly.

Now two of the most important specs when evaluating a turntable: Wow and Flutter, and Rumble.

Wow and Flutter:  This is basically how well the turntable maintains a consistent speed as it turns. Speed fluctuations are my most hated of all fluctuations. 

Rumble: This is the signal to noise ratio or how much noise the motor makes in relation to the sound being produced by the record being played. 

What about sound quality? Absolutely essential, but a big part of that equation is the cartridge and stylus choice.  What I can say here regarding the Technics direct-drive turntables is that when paired with a nice cartridge they can sound stunning.  When paired with a janky cartridge they’ll sound, well, not so great, but it will not be the fault of the turntable.

The two main direct-drive models that Technics introduced were the SP-10 and SL-1200.  1970 saw the SP-10; it was the world's first direct-drive turntable and set a whole new standard in the audiophile world.  Two years later the SL-1200 came along.  The SP-10 was geared more towards the pro market (radio stations) and SL-1200 was more for consumers. The SL-1200 was hugely successful and became one of the most popular record players ever sold.  For good reason; the specs were unbelievable.  For wow and flutter most turntables were (and still are) around .1 to .3%.  The SP-10 and SL-1200 were less than .025%.  That’s a pretty big difference and an amazing accomplishment; seriously, .025% is practically immeasurable and most record players don’t even come close to this kind of stability.  Rumble numbers were equally impressive, around -78 dB for both models.  Durability?  Check.  These decks came out in the 70’s and 80’s and are still going strong and out performing most new turntables. 

Technics SP-10

Technics SP-10

Technics SL-1200mkII

Technics SL-1200mkII

A quick history of Osiris Studio’s turntables

Technics SP-15

Technics SP-15

My beloved SP-15 was somewhere in the middle of the SP-10 and SL-1200; based off the SP-10 mkII but with 78 RPM capability.  When I was getting started I fooled around with various belt-driven turntables.  I soon became aware of inconsistent speed issues and problems inherent with belt-drive decks. I discovered the SP-15 and never looked back.  It had everything I needed; rock solid speed consistency and it was quieter than anything I’d ever heard.  Bonus points for looking like a spaceship.  I should note that when I bought mine they were already discontinued and about 20 years old. Since Technics had stopped making them I was a little nervous about what I would do if my one and only SP-15 finally quit working.  I bought a few more just in case.  I’ve got three in operation and another one new in the box.  I’ve not had to open the boxed SP-15 yet. 

Which brings up an important point; perfect speed and super quiet playback mean nothing if the turntable can’t do those two things consistently and dependably over long periods of time.  We use the hell out of our turntables here with virtually no maintenance for over 15 years.  There’s one thing I can always count on; when the start/stop button is pressed the record sitting on the platter will be played flawlessly.

Goodbye, Hello

Technics SL-1200G controls

Technics SL-1200G controls

Technics stopped all production of the SL-1200’s in 2009.  Demand was down and they had become too costly to make.  Much sadness ensued.  But in 2016 Technics announced the return of the SL-1200…updated and improved as the SL-1200G.  The legendary direct drive motor was redesigned to become a coreless drive for even more speed stability, smoother rotation and lower noise floor.  The platter, tonearm and body were also completely updated.  78 RPM was added! The LEDs were blue!  Happiness!  

The SL-1200G is a truly amazing turntable.  Most modern turntables don’t come close to this kind of precision and craftmanship.  At this point, Technics could just call it quits right there, drop the mic and go home. 

Technics SP-10R

Technics SP-10R

But last fall they announced the return of their flagship SP-10.  The new models would be the SP-10R (turntable and power supply only) and the SL-1000R (adding the base and tonearm). The “R” stands for Reference, and it is reference in every sense of the word.  The SP-10R / SL-1000R builds on the redesign improvements of the SL-1200G and further refines them.  Remember the wow and flutter rating of less than .025%?  Well now it’s less than .015%, which is considered the measurement limit.  Read that again.  Rumble is now down to -92 dB.  For the SL-1000R, the power supply is in its own separate box to minimize any chances of noise crosstalk.  It’s got an all new, 9-inch magnesium tonearm for increased tracking performance.  The base has been designed from the ground up to resist external vibrations.  Total weight for the SL-1200R: 88.7 lbs!  The SP-10R is backwards compatible too.  Let’s say you have an older SP-10 and you love the base and tonearm setup that you have already.  No problem, take out the old SP-10 and drop the new one in.

Spending time with the SP-10R and SL-1000R

Last week Technics invited me out to the 2018 CES in Las Vegas to talk about what I do and why I couldn’t do it without their turntables.  Basically, everything you just read.  This year’s CES was North America’s first look at the new SP-10R / SL-1000R.  I’d seen the pictures and read the press releases, but it didn’t really prepare me for how stunning these machines are in person.  They are simply gorgeous to look at.  And touch!  There’s something really great about the responsiveness of the classic SL-1200 start/stop button.  The SP-10R takes this to a whole other tactile level; you barely touch it and the platter instantly spins.  Same responsiveness with the speed control buttons.  Totally dig the blue LEDs too.  Technics never gets enough credit for their tonearms, but you can feel the precision and craftsmanship of the arm on the SL-1000R as soon as you lift it up.

Technics SP-10R power supply controls

Technics SP-10R power supply controls

Technics SP-10R controls

Technics SP-10R controls

And that hairline-polished aluminum surface mixed with the brass platter…the whole thing is a work of art really.

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I spent several hours listening to various records; some classic vinyl and some that I’d mastered.  Everything sounded fantastic.  Perfect actually.  I’m not a reviewer so I’m not going to tell you how the soundstage opened up or that things were revealed to me that I’d never heard before.  I will tell you that the records I mastered sounded like they did when I mastered them in my studio.  That’s really all I want.  I don’t need any sweetening, enhancing or smoothing.  I need a perfectly transparent turntable that will reveal exactly what is captured in those grooves.  The SL-1000R did that for me.

Michael Graves checking out the SL-1000R

Michael Graves checking out the SL-1000R

The SL-1000R costs $20,000.  That's a lot of money to be sure.  But again, this thing is absolutely reference class in every way.  If you're new to the high end audio world you're probably thinking that $20k for a turntable is crazy.  Just know that there are other, less precise turntables  being sold on a regular basis for two and three times that amount.  The SP-10R goes for $10k, SL-1200G $4k, and the SL-1200GR is a bargain at $2k.  If you're in the business of working with or making vinyl you should seriously consider one of these. There’s nothing better at any price.  If you're a music fan and record collector you owe it to yourself to play your records back on something that makes them sound they way they were intended to sound.

- Michael Graves

Two GRAMMY nominations for Michael Graves

Nominations for the 60th Annual GRAMMY Awards were announced this morning and we're pleased to announce that Michael Graves has been nominated twice (for mastering) in the Best Historical Album category! Fellow nominees include Nicolas Sheikholeslami & Vik Sohonie, (compilation producers) for Ostinato Records' Sweet As Broken Dates: Lost Somali Tapes from the Horn of Africa and Michael Corcoran, April G. Ledbetter & Steven Lance Ledbetter, (compilation producers) for Dust-to-Digital's Washington Phillips And His Manzarene Dreams.  We're so excited that these albums will be getting some much deserved attention in the coming months. 

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Oxford American Music Issue 2017

The folks at the Oxford American Magazine have done an outstanding job compiling the tunes for this year's music issue focusing on Kentucky.  Sturgill Simpson, The Torques, Loretta Lynn, King Kong, Harry Dean Stanton, Dwight Yoakam, Joan Shelley, Bill Monroe and so many more great artists are represented here.  Mastered by Micheal Graves, the CD and magazine will be on newsstands November 21.  Get one while you can!

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Preservation At The 143RD AES NYC

The 143rd AES Convention was held in New York City this year and on October 21st, as part of the Preservation Track, Michael Graves took part in the, "Is There Life On MARS? Preservation Techniques for the 21st Century" panel.   Hosted by MARS founder, owner of the former Magic Shop and all around cool guy, Steve Rosenthal.  The panel, moderated by Rebecca Feynberg, included an eclectic mix of individuals sharing interesting work being done in the field of audio preservation and restoration such as:

(L-R) Summer McCoy, Nora Guthrie, Gotye, Jamie Howarth, Steve Rosenthal, Michael Graves, Jessica Thompson, Rebecca Feynberg, Stephen Massucci

(L-R) Summer McCoy, Nora Guthrie, Gotye, Jamie Howarth, Steve Rosenthal, Michael Graves, Jessica Thompson, Rebecca Feynberg, Stephen Massucci

Jan & Dean, audio restoration and Michael Graves

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Backstory: In 1965 Jan & Dean made a comedy/live album for their record label.  It was wacky, groundbreaking, and an all around fun listen.  Unfortunately the label didn't see it this way and the album never saw the light of day.  50 years later, the only surviving copy is Dean Torrence's personal acetate.  When Omnivore Recordings decided the world needed to hear this record, Michael Graves was fortunate enough to be sent Dean's well used acetate as the source for the new master.  It was not without challenges.

Read more about Filet Of Soul Redux: The Rejected Master Recordings here.

Uncovering Swinging Mogadishu

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In 2016, the Ostinato Records team traveled across the Horn of Africa to compile an album of Somali music from the 1970’s & ’80’s. The result was the critically-acclaimed “Sweet As Broken Dates: Lost Somali Tapes from the Horn of Africa,” released worldwide on August 25, 2017 on double vinyl, CD, and digital. Under the guidance of Osiris Studio, Ostinato digitized a large portion of a 10,000 cassette tape archive of songs from before the war, when Mogadishu and Somalia were a music mecca, filled with some of the funkiest bands and the most incredible singers. Songs ultimately selected for the album were restored and mastered by Michael Graves.  This project took the Ostinato team to Hargeisa, Djibouti, and Mogadishu, and across the Somali diaspora scattered in all corners of the world.

" 'These recordings carry the trauma of Somalia. They have been remastered without abandoning the sweetness in their brokenness'. The result is near miraculous in its quality." - The Wall Street Journal
Members of Somali band, Waaberi, take to the stage in 1970s Mogadishu

Members of Somali band, Waaberi, take to the stage in 1970s Mogadishu

"This extraordinary set, compiled largely from cassettes that had been hidden away for decades, is a reminder of “swinging Somalia” in the 1970s and 80s, before the country was torn apart by civil war." - The Guardian
"This music comes to us thanks to the bravery, defiance and years of work from many dedicated people. It also sounds divine." - Stamp the Wax UK
"An absolute gem of archival diligence. Grade A." - The Vinyl District
"Perhaps the most beautiful music in the world, finally rediscovered." - Radio Nova Paris
"A mega mixtape of Somali classics" - BBC
"Somalia has an almost endless abundance of funky music for you." - THUMP Germany

More Allen Ginsberg!

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Ginsberg's, The Complete Songs Of Innocence And Experience is being released today for the first time on CD & Digital.  In the June 11th 1970 issue of Rolling Stone, Lester Bangs reviewed the LP:

"The distinctive sinuousness of Allen's reedy voice is one of the set's most compelling qualities. Nothing here sounds strained or pretentious, which should make it the last word in concept albums. It sounds, rather, like a labor of love, a salute from a young visionary to an ancient sage, executed with delicacy and charm in a vocal style reminiscent of an Anglo-American muezzin."

The fine folks at Omnivore Recordings have also included a bunch of rare and previously unissued material in the set.  Ommmmm.